Volume: 16, No: 01 ; January-2022
Important Events 1857 – 1858 – 1859 – 1860
The sepoys at Dumdum become uneasy about the new cartridges.
Unrest among the sepoys on the greased cartridge question; outbreaks at Berhampore and Barrackpore, the chapaties pass from village to village.
Meerut 3rd Light Cavalry; rebellious conduct followed by court-martial.
Meerut 3rd Light Cavalry, 11th N.I. revolt. Rebels kill officers and other Europeans and burn bungalows, set off for Delhi.
Rebels arrive Delhi; proclaim Bahadur Shah Zafar as Emperor, murder Europeans, Delhi troops, 5th Light Fd Battery Foot Artillery, 3rd Bn 2nd company,38th N.I. and 54th N.I. all Revolt. Magazine blown up by Lt. Willought by and handful of British, European survivors retreat first to Flagstaff Tower, and then Karnal. Delhi and surrounding area in the control of the rebels.
At Aligarh a portion of the 9th N.I revolt, followed at Mainpuri and Bulandshahr on the 22nd and Etawa on 23rd, by the remainder of the regiment.
Revolt at Lucknow, 7th Light Cavalry, and (portion of ) the 13th N.I., 48th N.I. amd 71st N.I. Outbreak at Mathura; rebels march to Delhi. Battle of the Hindun River.
Bareilly, 18th N.I. , 68th N.I. , 15th Light Fd Battery, and 8th lrreg,Cavalry revolt. Khan Bahadur Khan , a government pensioner takes the lead, and is proclaimed ruler under the King of Delhi. At Shahjahanpur the 28 th N.I. revolts and attacks the Christians. At Agra the native regiments are disarmed; Moradabad in open revolt.
At Morababad the 29th N.I. revolts. Sepoys at Mathura shoot officers and march for Delhi Outbreak at Budaon.
5th N.I. revolts at Saharanpur.
At Neemuch the entire force revolt viz. 1st Light Cavalry, 4th Troop 1st Brigade horse artillery,15th Light Fd Battery,72nd N.I. N.I. At Azamgarh the 17th N.I. revolts. At Sitapur the 41st N.I. revolts with particular ferocity against the European officers civilians Abbas Ali proclaim himself the ruler in Moradabad.
Partial revolt at Benares by 37th N.I. General Neill arrives and disarms some troops. Revolt at Kanpur by 2nd light cavalary, 1st N.I. ,74th N.I. , and 56th N.I. First Group of Europeans leaves Fatehgarh.
53rd N.I. Joins the revolt at Kanpur, General Wheeler calls all Europeans and Christians into his entrenchments
Siege of Wheeler’s entrenchment at Kanpur begins. Nana Sahib joins the rebels and is proclaimed Peshwa,12th N.I. at Jhansi revolt, and massacre of the European follows; 4th company 9th Bn Artillery at Azamgarh revolt. Nawab of Rampur visits Moradabad take charge.
The Battle of Badle ki serai in Delhi; British troops occupy the Ridge, and the ‘siege’ of the Delhi begins. At Phillour the 3rd N.I. revolt. At Faizabad the 22nd N.I., and the 13th Lt. Fd Battery 5th Bn 2nd company revolt.
Brigadier General James Neill arrives at Allahabad. Jhansi rebels leave for Delhi.
Massacre by Nana Sahib of 130 Europeans fugitives from Fatehgarh at Bithur.
Wajid Ali Shah, ex-king of Awadh and chief councillors imprisoned in Fort William in Calcutta. Bareilly Brigade reaches Moradabad en route for Delhi.
Maulvi Liaqat Ali files from Allahabad. Nawab’s rule proclaimed at Fatehgarh.
At Fatehgarh the 10th N.I. (previously loyal) eventually break into revolt. Mewati and pathan
villages in Allahabad district attacked and destroyed by the British.
At Kanpur The Nana Shahib offers terms to Wheeler in the entrenchment. Revolt at Malthone.
Sack of Delhi.
Massacre at Satichaura Ghat, Kanpur.
Fatehgarh Fort besieged by rebels. Nagode gaol. Broken into.
British defeated at Chinhat ; Lucknow Residency surrounded and besieged. Bulandshahr captured by Walidad Khan.
Bakht Khan arrives in Delhi with the Bareilly brigade. Pearson’s Battery and Cavalry revolt at Agra.
Massacre at Rampore on Ganges of European fugitives from Fatehgah / Farrukhabad. Sir Henry Lawrence, dies in the Lucknow Residency.
General Havelock leaves Allahabad en route for Kanpur.
Fatehpur occupied by Havelock.
Action at Anog ( Renaud killed), And at Pandu Nadi. Massacre of the Ladies i.e. Bibighur massacre at Kanpur.
Nana Sahib defeated by Havelock at Fatehpur, and First Battle of Kanpur. Nana Sahib orders all Bengali Babus to be apprehended.
Havelock enters Kanpur and Nana Sahib retreats to Bithur.
The Danapur Brigade revolts, i.e. The 7th N.I., 8th N.I. & 40th N.I.
Siege of Arrah House Begins.
Parade Ground Massacre at Farruckhabad (Fatehpur). Azimgarh evacuated by the British.
Havelock defeats rebels at Unnao.
The large rebel force from Mhow and Indore arrives at Gwalior, leaving Scindia helpless to prevent their onwards march towards Agra.
Arrah house relived by Major Eyre.
Havelock defeats the rebels at Bashiratganj. Kunwar Singh reported to have proclaimed himself King of Shahbad.
Khan Bahadur Khan’s forces from Bareilly reported as advacing to attack Nainital. Rebels’ gunpowder factory in Delhi blown up.
Eyre burns Kunwar Singh’s palace at Jagdishpur.
Havelock defeats Awadh rebels in the third battle of Bashiratganj
Havelock defeats Awadh rebels in the third battle of Bashiratganj
Havelock Column under John Nicholson arrives at Delhi. Kunwar Singh arrives at Sassaram.
Havelock defeats the forces of Nana Sahib at Bithur.
Sir Colin Campbell takes over duties as British Commander-in- Chief.
At Ferozepur the 10th Light Cavalry revolt Kunwar Singh at Akbarpur. Amar Singh threatens to
Kunwar Singh at Rohtasgarh.
Firoz Shah, Shahzada, placed on the musund at Mandsaur.
Outbreak at Mandsaur.
At Peshawar the disarmed 51st N.I. revolts. Many are slaughtered. Kunwar Singh arrives in
Ramgarh and plunders Ghorawal.
Kunwar Sngh closes road to Rewa.
Kuwar Singh marches through Mirzapur and reported to have arrived in Rewa. Jung Bahadur’s Gurkhas arrive at Jaunpur.
British begin the assault on Delhi.
Havelock and Outram set out for Lucknow from Kanpur.
After a fierce fighting, Delhi finally conquered by the British.
Captain Hodson claims to have captured the King of Delhi, Bahadur Shah Zafar at Humayun’s Tomb.
Hodson murders the Mughal Princes.
Lucknow Residency relieved by Havelock, Neill and Tytler Killed, together with 600 other British casualties.
Kunwar Singh reaches Banda. Said to be accompanied by 1800 of Danapore rebels.
Walidad Khan reaches Bareilly with 500 followers. Greathed’s Column meets opposition at Aligarh.
Nawab of Banda attacks fortress of Ajaigarh.
Mirza Bakhtwar Shah and Mirza Mendu, sons of the king of Delhi, tried by the British and shot beside the Jumna.
Gwailor Contingent join the rebels. Outbreak at Kotah.
Kunwar Singh with the 40th BNI reaches Kalpi via Banda.
Tatya Tope with Gwalior Contigent arrives at Jalaun.
Gwalior Contingent and 40th BNI (with Kunwar Singh) join in and begin advancing to Kanpur.
Sir Colin Campbell relieves and evacuates the Lucknow Residency, leaving Outram at the Alambagh; rebels see his withdrawal from Awadh as a great victory.
Havelock dies of dysentery; buried in the Alambagh.
Gwalior Contingent attacks Nawabganj (Unnao) and forces the British to retire into entrenchments.
Campbell dispatches all the ladies and sick, ex Lucknow Residency, to Allahabad.
Campbell defeats Tatya Tope in the third battle of Kanpur.
Campbell re-occupies Fatehgarh. Sir Hugh Rose begins Central India Campaign.
Trial of Bahadur Shah Zafar begins in The Red Fort,Delhi. (ends on March 9th)
Rani of Jhansi issues a proclamation against the British “Victory of religion”
Rebels mustering again at Kalpi.
Fortress of Rahatgarh taken by Rose.
Sir Hugh Rose relieves Sagar.
Action at Ayodhya between rebels Jung Bahadur’s Gurkhas.
General Whitlock with Madras troops arrives in Jabalpur.
Nana Sahib at Naubatganj.
Kunwar Singh reported to be arriving at Ayodhya.
Proclamation issued by Firoz Shah at Bareilly.
Nana Sahib reported to be at Kalpi.
Tehri troops beaten by Rani’s forces. Charkhari captured.
Campbell retakes Lucknow ; drives out the rebels led by the Maulvi of Faizabad and the begum of Awadh. Lucknow stormed on 14th.
Nana Sahib reported to be at Shahjahanpur.
Brigadier Stuart takes Chanderi by storm. Battle of Atraulia, Victory for Kunwar Singh.
Nawab of Farrukhabad and Banda, Raja Tej Singh of Mainpuri, Khan Bahadur Khan of Bareilly, Walidad Khan specifically excluded from the benefit. (i.e. Free pardon etc.) of British Proclamation offering a reward of rupees one lakh to rebel betraying Nana Sahib.
Rose arrives at Jhansi.
Millman besieged in Azimgarh by Kunwar Singh.
Investment of Jhansi begins.
Explosion in Khan Bahadur Khan’s gunpowder factory at Bareilly. Nana Sahib arrives at Bareilly.
Kunwar Singh occupies Azamgarh.
Battle of Betwa River. Rose defeats Tatya Tope.
Jhansi captured and sacked.
Jhansi fort taken by the British. Rani, with her step-son, reaches Kunch.
Lord Mark Kerr relieves Azamgarh.
General Walpole defeated at Royah; Brigadier Adrian hope killed.
Kunwar Singh driven Azamgarh by General Lugarh.
Rao Sahib issues proclamation to Chiefs of Bundelkund. Kunwar Singh attacked by Brigadier
Douglas near Azamgarh.
Battle of Banda.
Kunwar Singh crosses the Ganges at Sheopur Ghat and is mortally wounded while doing so.
Princes Firoz Shah reaches Moradabad.
Kunwar Singh defeats the British under Le Grand at Jagdishpur. Rose captures Kalpi.
Forces of Nawab of Rampur drive Firoz Shah from Moradabad.
Death of Kunwar Singh.
Rao Sahib encamped at Jalalpur to oppose Whitlock Gukha army reaches Faizabad and Ayodhya.
Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah, with large force comes from Mohammadi to Shahjahanpur.
Battle of Bareilly, included the famous change of the Ghazis of whom 133 were bayoneted.
Bareilly taken but rebel leaders escaped.
Battle of Kunch, Rose defeats Tatya Tope.
General Lugard occupied Jagdishpur.
Amar Singh defeated by Corfield near Piru but manages to escape. Battle of Shahjahpur.
Rebels Menace British position and camp at Jagdishpur.
Rebel leaders including Nana Sahib, Khan Bahadur Khan and Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah all in vicinity of Shahjahanpur.
Battle of Kalpi, Rose captures the arsenal of Kalpi.
Second Battle of Shahjahanpur rebels defeated by Campbell and driven back to Mohammadi but followed up; British occupy Mohammadi.
Hamirpur occupied by the British.
Rani of Jhansi, Rao Sahib and Tatya Tope capture Gwalior. Nawab of Banda also present. Lushkar and Gwalior fort occupied. Madho Singh captured by Rose.
Battle of Nawabganj; Sir Hope Grant defeats 16000 rebels in final decisive battle In Awadh. Amar Singh returns to Buxar. Khan Bahadur Khan attacks Shahjanpur.
Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah attacks Pawayan, and is killed.
Battle of Morar. Raja of Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah to the British at Shahjahanpur to claim the rewards.
Battle of Kota-Ki- Serai; death of Rani of Jhansi.
Battle of Gwalior. City is occupied.
Gwalior fort captured by Rose. Battle of Jaora. Alipur Scindia returns to Gwlior.
Banpur Raja surrenders to the British.
Tonk occupied by rebels, Firoz Shah reported to be with them.
Shahgarh raja surrenders. Rebel force reaches Rampur.
Ramnagar occupied by the rebels.
Pawayan and Shahjahanpur reported as ‘seriously threatened’ by Awadh rebels.
Force besieging Shahganj breaks up.
Sir Hope Grant relieves Raja Man Singh besieged by rebels.
Queen Victoria’s proclamation abolishing the rule of the East India Company in India and instituting her own.
Battle of Shankarpur Beni Madho driven northwards, reported as joining up with Bala Rao.
Raja of Gonda defeated by Sir Patrick Grant, Gonda occupied.
Nana Sahib was reported was reported as crossing the Ganga between Fatehgarh and Kanpur.
Firoz Shah and Walidad Khan reported at Aroul.
Firoz Shah’s brief encounter with British force under Napier.
Bala Rao driven from Tulsipur and retreats into Nepal.
Bihar rebels finally dispersed.
The rebellion in Awadh officially declared at an end.
Prince Firoz Shah cuts his way across Awadh and the Ganges; joins Tatya Tope temporarily.
Nawab of Farrukhabad arrives at Fatehgarh, under arrest.
Nana Sahib, Begum of Awadh reported to be at Butwal.
Khan Bahadur Khan, Begum of Awadh, Nana Sahib and Birjis Qadr reported to be in the fort of
Niacote in Nepal.
Tatya Tope betrayed and captured.
Tatya Tope hanged.
Nana Sahib sends Ishtiharnama to Queen Victoria. Petition to the English from Bala Rao.
State of peace officially declared throughout India.
The death of the Nana Sahib reported.
Amar Singh captured in the Terai by Jung Bahadur’s troops and handed over to the British.
Capture of Khan Bahadur Khan by Jung Bahadur reported.
Khan Bahadur Khan and Mammu Khan lodged in Lucknow Gaol.
Khan Bahadur Khan of Bareilly hanged on the spot where he had raised the flag of revolt.
Jwala Prasad hanged at the Satichaura Ghat.
Credits : Extracted from : "Dateline 1857" by Rudrangshu Mukherjee
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